In Wisconsin, state officials count some 85 companies statewide actively mining, processing or hauling sand, and 40 inactive companies. Despite slack demand, several companies have sought permits for new or expanded sand operations in Wisconsin, said Roberta Walls, the industrial sand specialist for the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
Walls doesn’t track how many of the facilities have been idled or cut back on employment though.
"A little fill here and there may seem to be nothing to become excited about. But one fill, though comparatively inconsequential, may lead to another, and another, and before long a great body may be eaten away until it may no longer exist. Our navigable waters are a precious natural heritage, once gone, they disappear forever," wrote the Wisconsin Supreme Court in its 1960 opinion resolving Hixon v. PSC and buttressing The Public Trust Doctrine, Article IX of the Wisconsin State Constitution.